TREATMENT OF FIREWORK AND THUNDERSTORM FEARS AND PHOBIAS IN DOGS

For further discussion on why fears and phobias develop, how they might be prevented, you might first review our handouts ‘canine fears and phobias of noises and places’, and ‘fears, anxieties and phobias in dogs and cats’ How is this problem treated? Treatment for this problem is through systematic desensitization and counter-conditioning. Information sheets are available explaining these techniques (‘Behavior …

CANINE OBESITY

I have been told that my dog is obese and must be put on a diet. Is this true? Nearly one-third (33%) of all adults in the United States are obese. Unfortunately, this same number now applies to our pets. Obesity leads to several diseases both in pets and people. Type II diabetes, heart disease and arthritis are the most …

FELINE REDIRECTED AGGRESSION

What is it? Redirected aggression happens when a cat is aroused by another animal, person or event, but is unable to direct aggression toward the stimulus. For example, your cat is sitting on a windowsill and sees another cat out on the property. Your cat becomes very agitated, begins to focus on the other cat and shows aggressive body postures, …

FELINE PLAY AND PLAY TOYS

What should I be looking for when I am buying toys for my cat? The toys that you choose for your cat must take into account the natural behavior of the species. Often the simple ones are the best and ones that offer unpredictable movement, rapid movement and high-pitched sound are likely to provide your cat with hours of entertainment. …

FELINE SCRATCHING

Why do cats scratch? Scratching is a normal feline behavior. Although scratching does serve to shorten and condition the claws, other important reasons why cats scratch are to mark their territory (both visibly and with the scent of the foot pads) and to stretch. Some cats may increase their territorial marking (e.g. scratching, urine marking) in situations of anxiety or …

FELINE OBESITY

Is feline obesity a problem? YES – obesity, defined as an excess of body weight of 30% or more, is the most common nutritional disease of domestic cats. Although the frequency varies from one country to the next, on average up to 40% of all adult cats are obese! Despite these alarming figures, very little is known about the detrimental …

FELINE DIABETES MELLITUS

What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition resulting in an excessive amount of glucose or sugar in the blood. This is caused by a deficiency of insulin, which is a hormone secreted by the pancreas. The clinical signs seen in diabetes are largely related to the elevated concentrations of blood glucose and the inability of the body …

BITING – PUPPIES

Why is my puppy nipping and biting family members? Although often thought to be a teething behavior, nipping, mouthing and biting in young dogs is generally a form of social play. Teething is more likely to involve gnawing or chewing on household objects. The first thing you must do is to provide a regular daily routine that includes ample opportunity …

SOCIALIZATION AND FEAR PREVENTION IN PUPPIES

What is socialization? Socialization is the process during which the puppy develops relationships with other living beings in its environment. While socialization takes place throughout the first year of life, the first 12-16 weeks seem to be the most important time for young puppies to learn about their environment. Two other important terms in a pup’s development are “habituation” and …

PUPPY HOUSE TRAINING GUIDE

How long will it take to housetrain my puppy? All it requires are a few basic rules to house-train puppies within a short amount of time, sometimes only a few days to a few weeks. This does not mean that the puppy will be able to be trusted to wander throughout the home without eliminating. What the puppy should quickly …